Kiva History Courtesy of the Koshare Indian Kiva
During a trip to Aztec National Monument in 1939, the Koshares heard the ranger tell the story of the prehistoric Indians who built the great ceremonial Kivas a thousand years ago. From that visit and other visits in 1941 and 1946, the boys resolved to invest surplus Koshare money in the building of a giant Kiva.
A Remarkable Room
When President Eisenhower visited the Koshare Kiva, he stated the ceiling was truly amazing as he stood at the center of the room and looked. Typically referred to as "the Kiva," the room is patterned after the kivas of the Southwest and is one of the most unique places to be found in America. The main reason for the uniqueness is that the building was built through the dedicated efforts of the Koshare Indian Dancers - a Boy Scout group. The Kiva, used as the performance area for the Koshare Indian Dancers, is what most visitors view as the featured piece of the Koshare Indian Museum.
Largest Self-Supported Log Roof in the World
Six hundred and twenty logs, weighing over forty tons, span across a room sixty foot across and the roof is self-supporting. Architects claimed that such a log roof was impossible to construct, but that did not stop the roof from being built. How did the "impossible" become possible?
Damon Runyon asked an engineer who helped design the Golden Gate Bride to help compute the stress factor of the logs.
Runyon wore out three slide rules trying to figure out the stress factor for the logs and came to the conclusion that white pine poles would be the best solution for the weight.
While sitting for tea, an experiment was conducted by putting toothpicks across a teacup in varying layers. Buck Burshears and the Kiva contractor, Carl Hendren, figured this would be the best way to place the logs in the actual roof.
Most importantly they believed it was possible - even when most experts disagreed.
The log roof is not the only thing that visitors admire of this room. The atmosphere, this room provides, is what most visitors enjoy.
Priceless pottery is used throughout the Kiva as light fixtures. Rocks used in ancient Native American kivas over two thousand years ago protrude from the inside walls. Ten large murals, by famous Native American artist Velino Herrera, adorn the walls of the Kiva.
Thanks greatly to these efforts the Kiva has been declared the most beautifully decorated Indian-type room in the world by no less than the Laboratory of Ethnology in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
The Buffalo Hunt, by Native American artist Velino Herrera